Action Research (n=3)

Definition 1: Action research is a process of deep inquiry into one's practices in service of moving towards an envisioned future, aligned with values. Action research is the systematic, reflective study of one's actions, and the effects of these actions, in a workplace context.
Source: Riel, M. (2010). Understanding Action Research, Center for Collaborative Action Research
Focus: Education

Definition 2: Action research is inquiry or research in the context of focused efforts to improve the quality of an organization and its performance. It typically is designed and conducted by practitioners who analyze the data to improve their own practice.
Source: North Central Regional Educational Laboratory
Focus: Education

Definition 3: Action research comprises a family of research methodologies which aim to pursue action and research outcomes at the same time. It therefore has some components which resemble consultancy or change agency, and some which resemble field research.
Source: Learning for Sustainability
Focus: Environmental Management